Collagen skin care is so astonishingly important. In the world of science and skin cosmetics it is the “C” word we’re all talking about.
Collagen is a crucial building block to young, rejuvenated skin. Collagen is so vital because it prevents the absorption and spreading of pathogenic substances, toxins from the environment and carcinogenic cells stopping weakening of the cells and other diseases. It is made up of many aminos acids such as Glycine, Proline, Hydroxyproline and Arginine. It’s extremely important as it makes 30% of proteins in our bodies and makes up a whopping 70% ((found in the dermis) of the protein in your skin! So no wonder we want to take care of it! It is a very strong and firm structure which is all over the body but in this care we will focus on skin.
As you get older the production of collagen decreases and the structures become more weak in nature. It is once of the most obvious signs of aging when collagen levels are low and it occurs in the dermis. We have two layers of skin, firstly, the epidermis which is the top layer of skin and the dermis which is usually known as the true skin where muscles, hair follicles, sebaceous glands and sweat run through. It contains collagen fibers and yellow elastic tissue known as elastin (why our skin is rather flexible). Elastin is so important as it lends elastic properties , this fiber network is responsible for skin sagging and wrinkling when you age.
The dermis in older skin is weaker and less dense with decreased fibroblasts. After the age of 30, your collagen levels deplete 1% every year. Although the dermis is less dense it appear more dense due to the lack of elastin and proteoglycans between collagen structures. Collagen “bundles” (tight woven bundles of collagen) unravel and less tightly woven in older skin. See the diagram:
Elastin decreases and the production of it is slowed down inolder age resulting older weaker skin, therefore, it’s so important to keep work on your collagen and elastin production. Also, melanin(the color pigment in the skin) can….dark sport and freckles accumulate.
Fibroblasts, Collagen, & Vitamin C
In the fibroblasts whose home is the the dermis layer of the skin, they product (you’ve guessed it) collagen! In the past, collagen was tested by using soluble animal collagen in order to stimulate collagen production in human on their skin. However, the study showed that is was unsuccessful as collagen cannot pass through the top layer of skin (the epidermis). But no worries, Vitamin C has been proven to increase collagen production in human fibroblasts and promotes cell regeneration without causing cell death.
Furthermore, a study on encapsulated Vitamin C shows how it stimulated collagen production. Cells that were treated with Vitamin C in the dermis showed an increase in fluorescence therefore an increase in collagen production. We will not go into the percentages of the study but the conclusion was strong and stated that cell regeneration was increased with vitamin C and so was the synthesis of collagen in the dermis. This particular vitamin C was nano-encapsulation of magnesium ascorbyl phosphate (MAP)* which is a very stable and safe tablet. Plus, is proven to give your skin a boost to make it taut and healthy.
So, when we ask for more collagen, we really want to regain thickness and strength of the skin. This takes us back to antioxidants and other things to do to prevent degradation of collagen is the first place.
- Antioxidants: we love these nutrients when talking about aging as they are so vital but also so easy to incorporate into your daily diet and skincare routine. Some powerful antioxidants include: green tea, acai, Resveratrol, Pynogenol, Coffeeberry and Vitamin C.
- Retanin A: is a type of vitamin A that help the skin renew itself resulting in rejuvenated skin. This can be your best friend to fight aging. It increases the production of collagen and slows down the loss of elastin. It also exfoliates the skin ridding it of dead skin cells that accumulate and aids skin discoloration. It also treats acne and reduces the risk of skin cancer. See the Vitamin A page for a full description on Retina A.
- Sunblock: we cannot stress you enough how sun protection is so important to keep skin young and healthy. Aging from the sun is commonly known as “photoaging” (find out why by visiting the UV page for more information). The best sun screen we recommend are ones containing Zinc Oxide and also avoiding the strong and most dangerous sun from 11am to 3pm.